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Eugenio Zampighi Self Portrait
Italian, 1859-1944

Eugenio Zampighi: The Birth of a Nation and an Artist

A scant two months before Eugenio Zampighi’s birth on October 17, 1859, his hometown of Modena declared itself part of the newly united Kingdom of Italy. This was more than just a political realignment; it was a profound moment in which Italy was reclaiming its cultural identity and forging a modern nation out of the numerous duchies, kingdoms, and foreign-dominated governments that had controlled the area in the wake of the Napoleonic Wars. The period, known as the Risorgimento or resurgence movement, saw Italy’s fragmented states coming together in a fervent quest for unity and independence.

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